Some of the problems that people discuss with counselors include relationship problems, academic/school related problems, depression, anxiety, trauma, and issues from the past that negatively affect the person's daily functioning.
Many people who enter counseling have talked to friends and family about these problems but are unable to improve things adequately on their own. Counseling provides a safe place in which to talk about issues and generate some useful solutions.
When you come for counseling you can expect to meet with an individual who has been through years of training designed to assist people with personal and social concerns. You can expect your counselor to listen to your experiences and ask you pertinent questions about your life. Your counselor will probably ask you some questions about your background, including your family, atypical experiences, and your relationships with others. The counselor will also ask what you hope to get out of counseling or what your goals are.
Most people come to counseling once per week for several weeks to work on their concerns while others come in just once and others come in periodically. During these meetings clients talk about their issues with the counselor. Sometimes the counselor may assign psychological "homework" as one method for the client to make progress outside of the meetings. Sometimes your counselor may not be the best source of help for you and will help you in finding more appropriate assistance.